Although there seems to be considerable research on the benefits of mild aerobic exercises in this regard, there are suggestions that vigorous aerobic activity (A.J.H. P 26(6):333 2012), high intensity training and diet ( J. Alzheimer’s Disease 28(1):137 2012), or resistance training (Arch. Intern. Med. 172(8):666 2012) are beneficial.
Also insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), hormones and second messengers encourage neurogenesis, synaptogenesis and angiogenesis in the brain, which improve brain health. (Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni suppl. 2 21:91 2011). However, increased production of IGF-1 and hormones, such as testosterone, occur as a result of or hypertrophy training and not with aerobic or endurance training.
In addition, multi-tasking and neuromuscular training have been shown to be beneficial for cognitive functioning.